Thursday, December 28, 2017

The Mystery of the War Office Store Counters



Governor Jonathan Trumbull's Store Counters

Whatever Happened to the Store Counter(s) in the War Office?



The Mystery of the War Office Store Counters



“and the old “war office,” as it was called, . . . School-boys entering the latter looked with awe upon the marks of spurs still to be seen on the side of the counter, where orderlies and express-riders had sat awaiting the governor’s orders during the war of independence.[1]

I will begin this study with a photograph of the interior of the War Office (South Room) circa 1897. The text below the photograph states, “Interior of the War Office, with Trumbull’s Old Furniture.” It appeared in an article titled, “Brother Jonathan and his Home.”, by William Elliot Griffis, published in “The New England Magazine”, Volume XVII, Number One, September 1897. It is the earliest known photograph of the War Office interior.


I have personally seen all the items pictured during my 20+ years as a member of the Connecticut SAR (CTSSAR) except for the following: possibly a glass windowpane on the far right of the photograph leaning against the fireplace behind the chair. I don’t know what that is or where it came from? CTSSAR still had it in the 1920s/1930s because it is pictured in a RP (Real Photo) War Office postcard. That may be a topic for another study? The chair on the far right is also unknown? Some of the unknown items may have been on loan, and returned.

UPDATE: The CTSSAR Property Steward has solved the mystery of the glass windowpane pictured above. This glass windowpane was originally over the front door of "Redwood," the home of Gov. Jonathan Trumbull's son, David Trumbull.

The subject of this study is the unknown wooden object to the left of the sink, against the wall, which I believe is either one of the counters, or a portion of the counter which was supposedly removed from the War Office in 1922/1923? This could be the CTSSAR portion of the counter? The portion of the store counter said to be once on display at the Connecticut Historical Society, would have been removed very early (before CTSSAR ownership of the War Office), sometime between 1825 and 1859, since it is mentioned in Stuart's, "The Life of Jonathan Trumbull, Sr., Governor of Connecticut," which was published in 1859.

I believe this could be a portion of the original counter because it fits Stuart’s description of how the War Office interior looked during the American Revolution 1775-1783, and how the CTSSAR set up the interior. It is also located in the correct room. The North room being the council room, and the South room being the store room.

"But within, it was divided, as seen but a few years ago, into two apartments - - one of which, that on the North, was strictly the office-room of the Governor, where he matured his councils -- and the other of which, that on the South, was his store room, and the apartment also in which his messengers and expresses were usually received."[2]

The earliest reference to the existence of the store counter or store counters is mentioned in 1836, "The above is a representation of Governor Trumbull's house and the old "War Office," so called; this latter building is seen on the left, and is now occupied as a post office, the projection in front is a modern addition. This was the building in which Gov. Trumbull transacted his public business during the Revolution. In those days travelling was generally performed on horseback; the marks of the spurs of the horsemen, expresses, &c. are still seen on the side of the counter on which they sat, while waiting the governor's orders."[3]

Referred to in 1859, “Within that “War Office” also, . . . Here was the point of arrival and departure for numberless messengers and expresses that shot, in every direction, to and from the scenes of Revolutionary strife. Narragansett ponies, of extraordinary fleetness, and astounding endurance – worthy such governmental post-riders as the tireless Jesse Brown, the “alert Samuel Hunt,” and the “flying Fessenden,” as the latter was called – stood hitched, we have heard, at the posts and palings around, or by the Governor’s house, or at the dwelling of his son-in-law Williams – ready, on any emergency of danger, to fly with advices, in any desired direction, on the wings of the wind. The marks of the spurs of the horsemen thus employed, were, but a few years back, visible, within the building – all along upon the sides of the counters upon which they sat, waiting to receive the Governor’s orders.”[4]

Note: “A section of the counter thus marked, from the old War Office, is in the possession of the Connecticut Historical Society. It is also marked by measures for a yard."[5] 

Referred to in 1875, “and the old “war office,” as it was called, . . . School-boys entering the latter looked with awe upon the marks of spurs still to be seen on the side of the counter, where orderlies and express-riders had sat awaiting the governor’s orders during the war of independence.”[6]

Referred to in 1876, “The traditions of the old war office would stir the heart of any aspiring boy who saw with his own eyes the marks of the spurs left by orderlies and aides de camp as they sat waiting for despatches, and listened with bated breath to the stories of the revolution which fell from the lips of all the elders of the town, and heard them describe, as they had seen, the persons of Washington, Lafayette, Knox, and Rochambeau.”[7]

Referred to in 1879, "The sentinel tapped at the door. It was opened. A ruddy glow burst from within, and by it two despatch-bearers could be seen sitting on the counter— for before the war the office was a country shop -- driving their spurs into the wood work as their legs dangled a foot or more from the floor. (The marks of the spurs of these and other messengers are to be seen in the woodwork even this day.)"[8]

Referred to in 1889, "Marks may now be seen on the floor of the building which, it is affirmed, were made by the steel spurs of the French Cavalry-men." It is believed that the "War Office" will now become the depository of old Revolutionary relics, with which the country round about is still well filled."[9]

Referred to in 1891, "Later five crack regiments of French infantry, under Count Rochambeau, were stationed for many weeks at Lebanon Green, together with 500 handsome hussars commanded by the Duke de Lauzun. The gallant soldiers visited the war office frequently, and there are nicks in the walls of the office that were made by the spurs of the French, who kicked their heels against the woodwork while they idled and told stories."[10]

Referred to in 1898 (a re-published story originally written/published in 1876), "They marched into town and into the now famous war-office of Governor Trumbull, to his pleased surprise. "Who sent you?" asked the governor, for it was not yet six hours since the demand on the nearest town had been made. "Who sent us?" echoed the lieutenant, looking confused and at a loss to explain, and finally answering truthfully, he said: "It was a young girl, your excellency. She lit a beacon fire on a hill and gave the command that we report to you." A laugh ran around the sides of the old war-office. The messenger who had ridden from Cambridge sat upon the counter pressing his spurs into the wood and heard it all."[11]

Referred to in 1916, “Messengers came and went, flying on horseback along the country roads, and sometimes they sat on the counter in the store, swinging their spurred boots, waiting for the governor to give them their orders. A piece of that counter, with the marks of their spurs in the soft wood, can be seen now in the rooms of the Connecticut Historical Society in Hartford.”[12]

And lastly, referred to in a CTSSAR document marked 1920, on what appears to be (4) old library cards photocopied onto one page. The cards show drawings of War Office future corner display cabinet locations, possible installation of a stove for heat, paint colors and rugs, etc. Lists “Old Counter. Shows spur marks of French soldiers.”[13]

“The counter or table over at the south side of the entrance room to be removed. It might be well to save the material for possible use elsewhere.”[14] From a letter of correspondence between the CTSSAR and CTDAR, dated October 30, 1922. For many years prior, the CTSSAR allowed the Town of Lebanon to use the War Office as the public library. In 1922/1923, the War Office was being repaired/restored again by the CTSSAR. The remaining library book shelves were removed, the plaster was removed from the lower portions of the fireplaces to reveal the stone, the two corner display cases were added, etc., and it was re-dedicated by the CTSSAR, September 6, 1923 (The Anniversary of the Battle of Groton Heights, September 6, 1781). The local Gov. Jonathan Trumbull Chapter CTDAR held their chapter meetings there, and the War Office was opened again to the public for tours. 



Where is the store counter today? Does it still exist?



This is actual Revolutionary War history you can touch. It somewhat amazes me that there is no illustration or photograph of the store counter(s)? So it is very difficult to actually identify what the counter(s) looked like? Earlier this year I contacted the Connecticut Historical Society about the portion of the War Office store counter that was said to be, "in the possession of the Connecticut Historical Society,"[15] and, "can be seen now in the rooms of the Connecticut Historical Society in Hartford."[16] There is an interesting photo of one of these rooms in an article titled, "Finding a Home For Connecticut History," by Mary Muller, posted by National Public Radio (WNPR), Dec 12, 2014.[17] This portion of the store counter was said to be on display at the Connecticut Historical Society when they were located at the Wadsworth Atheneum in Hartford. There is no mention of it being on display at their earlier location at 124 Main Street, but it was said to be in their possession from at least 1859. If true, this portion of the store counter was probably removed from the War Office sometime between the founding of the Connecticut Historical Society in 1825, and the publication of Stuart’s, “The Life of Jonathan Trumbull, Sr., Governor of Connecticut,” in 1859. To the best of my research, the last reference to the portion of the counter said to be on display at the Connecticut Historical Society was in a 1916 publication quoted above.

I learned that the Connecticut Historical Society has no information regarding the portion of the store counter that was once on display at their earlier Hartford location(s). The conclusions were that the portion of the store counter was either not part of their permanent display (meaning it may have gone back to its original owner?), or, it was lost when the Connecticut Historical Society relocated in 1950 to One Elizabeth Street? There are no illustrations or photos. This portion may still survive somewhere?

The remaining CTSSAR portion of the counter, which I believe is pictured in the circa 1897 photo of the War Office interior (South Room), to the left of the sink, and later mentioned in the 1922 DAR letter, where did that portion go? The letter went on to say that it should be saved? Saved where? This portion may also still survive somewhere?






1. Congressional Record: Containing the Proceedings and Debates of the Forty-Third Congress, Second Session. Volume III, Washington, Government Printing Office, 1875, pg. 1871; William Alfred Buckingham by Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., The Congregational Quarterly. Volume XVIII-New Series, Vol. VIII, Christopher Cushing, Editor, American Congregational Union, Boston, 1876, page 223; The Life of William A. Buckingham The War Governor of Connecticut, Rev. Samuel G. Buckingham, D.D., The W.F. Adams Company, Publishers, Springfield, Mass., 1894, page 481.
2. Life of Jonathan Trumbull, Sen., Governor of Connecticut, I. W. Stuart, Boston, Crocker and Brewster, 1859, page 183.
3. Connecticut Historical Collections, Containing a General Collection of Interesting Facts, Traditions, Biographical Sketches, Anecdotes, &c. Relating to the History and Antiquities of Every Town in Connecticut, with Geographical Descriptions, John Warner Barber, New Haven, 1836, page 323.
4. Life of Jonathan Trumbull, Sen., Governor of Connecticut, I. W. Stuart, Boston, Crocker and Brewster, 1859, pages 181-182.
5. Ibid. pages 181-182.
6. Congressional Record: Containing the Proceedings and Debates of the Forty-Third Congress, Second Session. Volume III, Washington, Government Printing Office, 1875, pg. 1871; William Alfred Buckingham by Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., The Congregational Quarterly. Volume XVIII-New Series, Vol. VIII, Christopher Cushing, Editor, American Congregational Union, Boston, 1876, page 223; The Life of William A. Buckingham The War Governor of Connecticut, Rev. Samuel G. Buckingham, D.D., The W.F. Adams Company, Publishers, Springfield, Mass., 1894, page 481.
7. Memoir of the Hon. William A. Buckingham, LL.D., by Noah Porter, D.D., LL.D., President of Yale College, New Haven, CT., The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume XXX, 1876, Boston, New England Historic Genealogical Society, Page 9; Genealogical and Biographical Record of New London County, Connecticut, J. H. Beers & Company, Chicago, 1905, page 2; A Modern History of New London County, Connecticut, Volume II, Benjamin Tinkham Marshall, A.M., D.D., Editor in Chief, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, New York City, 1922, page 68.
8. Trumbull's War Office. And the Secret that Mistress Prudence Strong Hid There Years Ago., Anonymously Written, Originally Published in the New York Sun, Daily Alta California and San Francisco Times, Sunday October 26, 1879, Page 4.
9. The Old War Office. Will the Town of Lebanon accept the Gift?, Article: New York Times, March 24, 1889.
10. Old Trumbull “War Office”, A Grand Celebration to be held over its Restoration, Article: The New York Times, May 17, 1891.
11. Pussy Dean's Beacon Fire, March 17, 1776, The Only Woman in the Town and Other Tales of the American Revolution, Sarah J. Prichard, Published by Melicent Porter Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, Waterbury, Conn., 1898, page 74.
12. Once Upon a Time in Connecticut, Caroline Clifford Newton, Houghton Mifflin Company, The Riverside Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1916. pages 118-119.
13. CTSSAR Collections.
14. Ibid.
15. Life of Jonathan Trumbull, Sen., Governor of Connecticut, I. W. Stuart, Boston, Crocker and Brewster, 1859, pages 181-182.
16. Once Upon a Time in Connecticut, Caroline Clifford Newton, Houghton Mifflin Company, The Riverside Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1916. pages 118-119.
17. Finding a Home For Connecticut History, Mary Muller, article posted by National Public Radio (WNPR) at wnpr.org/post/finding-home-connecticut-history, December 12, 2014.



The War Office is owned and maintained by the 
Connecticut Society of the Sons of the American Revolution.







Sunday, November 26, 2017

Gov. Jonathan Trumbull 307th Birthday Commemoration Ceremony



Gov. Jonathan Trumbull 307th Birthday (1710-2017)



"Gov. Hawley, of Connecticut, in his address delivered in the Hall of Representatives at Washington, after Gov. Buckingham's death, says of Gov. Jonathan Trumbull, "Every other colonial governor went with the king. Brother Jonathan stood by the people and they stood by him from the beginning to the end, -- the square, straight, solid, brave, indomitable old man."[1]


CTSSAR Gov. Jonathan Trumbull 307th Birthday
Commemoration Ceremony 

War Office & Trumbull Cemetery, Lebanon, Connecticut 

October 8, 2017 





"[Marble Monument on the Trumbull Tomb]
Sacred to the memory of Jonathan Trumbull, Esq., who, unaided by birth or powerful connections, but blessed with a noble and virtuous mind, arrived to the highest station in government. His patriotism and firmness during 50 years employment in public life, and particularly in the very important part he acted in the American Revolution, as Governor of Connecticut, the faithful page of history will record. Full of years and honors, rich in benevolence, and firm in the faith and hopes of Christianity, he died Aug. 9th, 1785, AEtatis 75.
Sacred to the memory of Madam Faith Trumbull, the amiable lady of Gov. Trumbull, born at Duxbury, Mass., A.D. 1718. Happy and beloved in her connubial state, she lived a virtuous, charitable and Christian life at Lebanon in Connecticut, And died lamented by numerous friends, A.D. 1780, aged 62 years.
Sacred to the memory of Joseph Trumbull, eldest son of Gov. Trumbull, and first Commissary Genl. of the United States of America. A service to whose perpetual cares and fatigues he fell a sacrifice, A.D. 1778, AEt. 42.
To the memory of Jonathan Trumbull, Esq., late Governor of the State of Connecticut. He was born March 26th, 1740, and died August 7th, 1809, aged 69 years. His remains were deposited with those of his father."[2]




Members of the Connecticut Line, Living History/Color Guard Unit of the Connecticut Society of the Sons of the American Revolution commemorate Gov. Trumbull's 307th Birthday at the War Office and Trumbull Cemetery in Lebanon, Connecticut.




1. William Alfred Buckingham by Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., The Congregational Quarterly, Volume XVIII -- New Series, Vol. VIII, Christopher Cushing, Editor, American Congregational Union, Boston, 1876, page 222.
2. Connecticut Cemetery Inscriptions, Copied by Joel Nelson Eno, A.M., of Brooklyn, N.Y., Lebanon, Old Cemetery, The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume LXXIV, Published by the Society, 1920, page 111. 





Saturday, September 2, 2017

The Reverend Peter Bulkeley Memorial Stone, New London, Connecticut.



The Reverend Peter Bulkeley (1582-1659) 
Memorial Stone

Cedar Grove Cemetery, New London, Connecticut



"Peter Bulkeley B.D.
a nonconformist to the English Church.
Emigrated to this Country for Religious Liberty.
He arrived in Cambridge, 1634 and was a leader
for those resolute and self-denying Christians, who
soon after went further into the Woods, and settled on the 
Plantation in Musketaquid.
He died in Concord, Mass. March 9th, 1659 in his 77th year.
The family motto, "neither rashly nor timidly' was eminently
characteristic of the American family."




(This is a memorial stone to the Rev. Peter Bulkeley, NOT a gravestone. The Rev. Peter Bulkeley died at Concord, Massachusetts.)


The Reverend Peter Bulkeley was the Great Grandfather of Sarah (Bulkeley) Trumble Welles, the wife of Joseph Trumble, Jr., and the Great Great Grandfather of their two daughters, Sarah (Trumble) Johnson Watrous and Catherine (Trumble) Burnham. 





Friday, August 11, 2017

Gravestone of the Reverend Gershom Bulkeley, Wethersfield, Connecticut.



Gravestone of the Reverend Gershom Bulkeley (1636-1713)


My ancestral grandfather, the Reverend Gershom Bulkeley, was the son of the Reverend Peter and Grace (Chetwood) Bulkeley. He was minister at New London and Wethersfield, Connecticut, and during King Philip's War, he was on the Council of War, and served as a Surgeon to the Connecticut troops, where during a battle near Wachusett Mountain, Massachusetts, he was wounded in the thigh by an Indian arrow. He was also the author of the famous, "Will and Doom."

The Rev. Gershom Bulkeley was married to Sarah Chauncy, the daughter of the Reverend Charles Chauncy (Minister at Scituate and Plymouth, Massachusetts, and second president of Harvard College) and his wife Catherine Eyre. Gershom was the grandfather of Sarah (Bulkeley) Trumble Welles, the wife of Joseph Trumble, Jr., and the great grandfather of their two daughters; Sarah (Trumble) Johnson Watrous and Catherine (Trumble) Burnham.



A Connecticut soldier during King Philip's War (1675-1676) 
Photo: CTSSAR From Puritan to Patriot: Connecticut's Military from its Puritan Foundation to the American Revolution, State of Connecticut 375th Anniversary Event (1635-2010), War Office, Lebanon, Connecticut, September 11, 2010.


King Philip's War (1675-1676)

There are numerous references to the Rev. Gershom Bulkeley in the Colonial Records of Connecticut.
At a General Court held at Hartford, Connecticut, October 14, 1675, "20. This court did order Mr. Buckly* to be improued in this present expedition, to be chyrurgion to our army; and allso the said Mr. Buckly and Mr. Chancy were ordered and impowered to be of the Councill of War."[1] The footnotes states, "* Rev. Gershom Bulkeley, of Wethersfield."[2]

"December 1st. The Councill did farther commissionat Major Treat to take the conduct of our army, and to take speciall care of the Reverend Mr. Buckly and Mr. Noyse; and they allso commanded all the captaines and Lieutenants of the army to be tender and carefull of Major Treat that he be not exposed to too much hazard, and that they alott him a sufficient guard to attend his person at all times; with an aduice that they avoyd whateuer may be provokeing to God; . . ."[3]



Wachusett Mountain, Massachusetts

"They were dispatched away the beginning of March, and appointed to meet with such as should be sent from Connecticut colony, which they did about Quabaog, and so intended to march directly up to those Indian towns about Watchuset Hill, to the northwest; but the Indians were gone, and our forces in the pursuit of them taking the wrong path, missed of them, yet ranging through those woods, they were at one time suddenly assaulted by a small party of Indians firing upon them, wounded Mr. Gershom Bulkly, by a shot in his thigh, and killing one of their soldiers: after which as they marched along, they accidentally fell upon another small party of the enemy, of whom they slew some and took others to the number of sixteen, yet could not meet with the main body of the enemy, . . ."[4]



Gravestone of the Reverend Gershom Bulkeley, Old Cemetery, Wethersfield, Connecticut


"He was honorable in his descent, of
rare abilities, excellent in learning,
master of many languages, exquisite in his skill,
in divinity, physic and law, and of a most
exemplary and Christian life."[5]




1. The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, from 1665 to 1678; with the Journal of the Council of War, 1675 to 1678; . . . ., J. Hammond Trumbull, A. M., Hartford, F. A. Brown, 1852, pg. 271.
2. Ibid. 
3. Ibid, pg. 388.
4. A Narrative of the Indian Wars in New-England, from the First Planting thereof in the year 1607, to the year 1677: containing a Relation of the Occasion, Rise and Progress of the War with the Indians, in the Southern, Western, Eastern and Northern parts of said Country., William Hubbard,  A. M., Printed Stockbridge, MA by Heman Willard, May ... 1803, Pages 186-187
5. The Reverend Gershom Bulkeley, of Connecticut, an Eminent Clerical Physician, Walter R. Steiner, M.D., The Johns Hopkins Hospital Bulletin, Vol. XVII, No. 179, February, 1906, pg. 13.





Thursday, August 10, 2017

Alden Tavern Site Marker, Lebanon, Connecticut.





Alden Tavern Site Marker

862 Trumbull Highway
Lebanon, Connecticut

(Next to the Lebanon Historical Society Museum and Visitors Center)




Monday, July 10, 2017

Saturday, July 1, 2017

Site of the French Oven 1780-1781, Lebanon Green, Lebanon, Connecticut.



Site of "The French Oven"
Monument on the Lebanon Green, Lebanon, Connecticut


"Site of
"The French Oven"
used by the French Hussars of the
Duke de Lauzun who were encamped
on Lebanon Green from December 1, 1780
to June 23, 1781. It also served the five
regiments of Bourbonnois under Count
Rochambeau June 1781."











Thursday, June 22, 2017

Gravestone of David Trumbull of Lebanon, Connecticut.




Gravestone of David Trumbull
Trumbull Cemetery, Lebanon, Connecticut 



My ancestral first cousin, David Trumbull, "who was born February Fifth, 1750-1, and was baptized David -- probably after his uncle who, when a Senior in College, was drowned in a mill-pond at Lebanon. Like the rest of his family, he too was destined to serve with distinction, in after years, the American cause -- to become, under his brother Joseph, a Commissary for the armies of the Revolution -- and, under the Connecticut Council of Safety, to be a most active agent in procuring and preparing arms and munitions of war for service against the foe."[1]

It was David Trumbull who had Redwood built in 1778/1779, the house was used as a headquarters by the Duc de Lauzun during the 1780/1781 Winter encampment of French troops.




1. Life of Jonathan Trumbull, Sen., Governor of Connecticut, I.W. Stuart, Crocker and Brewster, Boston, 1859, pg. 58.



Wednesday, May 31, 2017

Gravestone of the Reverend John Bulkeley, First Minister at Colchester, Connecticut.



Gravestone of the Reverend John Bulkeley (1679-1731)
First Minister at Colchester, Connecticut 

Old Burying Ground, Colchester, Connecticut




My ancestral grandfather, the Reverend John Bulkeley, first minister at Colchester, Connecticut, was the son of the Reverend Gershom and Sarah (Chauncy) Bulkeley, and grandson of the Reverend Peter and Grace (Chetwood) Bulkeley and the Reverend Charles and Catherine (Eyre) Chauncy.[1] The Reverend Gershom Bulkeley was the minister at New London and Wethersfield, Connecticut, and during King Philip's War, he was a member of the Council of War, and served as a Surgeon to the Connecticut troops, where during a battle near Wachusetts Mountain, Massachusetts, he was wounded in the thigh by an Indian arrow. He was also the author of the famous, "Will and Doom."[2] It was the Reverend Peter Bulkeley who gathered the twelfth church in the colony preaching "The Gospel Covenant" at Concord, Massachusetts.[3] The Reverend Charles Chauncy was the minister at Scituate and Plymouth, Massachusetts, and second president of Harvard College,[4]

Rev. John Bulkeley and his wife, Patience Prentice, were the parents of my ancestral grandmother, Sarah Bulkeley Trumble Welles (who is buried in the restored Bulkeley family tomb), who married (1) Joseph Trumble, Jr., of Lebanon, Connecticut (2) John Welles of Colchester, Connecticut.[5]


The restored Bulkeley Family Tomb, Old Burying Ground, Colchester, Connecticut.

Rev. John Bulkeley was the grandfather of Joseph, Jr. and Sarah (Bulkeley) Trumble's two daughters; Sarah Trumble, who would marry (1) Elijah Johnson of Colchester, Connecticut (2) Deliverance Watrous (Waters) of Colchester, Connecticut; and Catherine Trumble, who would marry Benjamin Burnham of Hebron, Connecticut.[6]



Gravestone of the Reverend John Bulkeley, Old Burying Ground, Colchester, Connecticut.


The Rev. John Bulkeley
First Minister of the First Church 
of Colchester.  son of the Rev. Gershom
Bulkeley and Sarah Chauncey of Wethersfield
Connecticut and grandson of the Rev. Peter
Bulkeley and Grace Chetwood of Concord
Massachusetts.  formerly of Bedfordshire 
England.  who parted this life A.D.
June 10, 1731  in the 52nd year of his Age.

Distinguished for rare ability
extensive learning, the exemplification
of many virtues, and the large influence
which he exerted for good. [7]







1. The Bulkeley Genealogy; Rev. Peter Bulkeley . . ., Donald Lines Jacobus, M.A., New Haven, Connecticut, Tuttle, 1933, Pages 92, 111, 116, 139-140, 171. Note: see, Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists who came to New England between 1623 and 1650, Frederick Lewis Weis, 6th Edition, Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., Baltimore, Maryland, 1988, Lines 7, 31, 69 for the royal ancestry of the Bulkeley, Chetwode, and Chauncey lines.
2. Will and Doom, or The Miseries of Connecticut by and under an Usurped and Arbitrary Power. Written by Gershom Bulkeley. 1692. with an Introduction and Notes by Charles J. Hoadly, Collections of the Connecticut Historical Society, Volume III, The Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company, Hartford, 1895; Genealogical and Family History of the State of Connecticut . . ., Volume II, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, New York, 1911, Pages 951-955.
3. The Bulkeley Genealogy; Rev. Peter Bulkeley . . ., Donald Lines Jacobus, M.A., New Haven, Connecticut, Tuttle, 1933, Page 93; The Puritans in America: a Narrative Anthology, Alan Heimert and Andrew Delbanco, eds., Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1985, Pages 117-121.
4. The Colonial Clergy and the Colonial Churches of New England, Frederick Lewis Weis, repr. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1977, c. 1936, Page 53; Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists who came to New England between 1623 and 1650, Frederick Lewis Weis, 6th Edition, Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., Baltimore, Maryland, 1988, 74.
5. The "Lost" Trumbull: The Descendants of Joseph Trumble Jr. (1705-1731) of Lebanon, Connecticut, the Eldest Son and Business Partner of Captain Joseph Trumble Sr. and Brother of Connecticut's Revolutionary War Governor, Jonathan Trumbull Sr., Lee Gerlander and Todd Gerlander, The Connecticut Nutmegger, Connecticut Society of Genealogists, Inc., Volume 46, Number 3, December 2013, Pages 197-200.
6. Ibid.
7. Gravestone inscription, Gravestone of the Rev. John Bulkeley, Old Burying Grounds, Colchester, Connecticut.



Sunday, May 28, 2017

Jonathan Trumbull, The Rebel Governor of Connecticut.



Governor Jonathan Trumbull, Sr.
The Rebel Governor of Connecticut


This study will focus on my ancestral uncle, Jonathan Trumbull, Sr., the last colonial Governor of the Colony of Connecticut, and the first Governor of the State of Connecticut. We will explore the use of the term "Rebel Governor," a term the British called Governor Jonathan Trumbull. He was the rebel governor whose proclamation dated, March 22, 1775, providentially picked April 19, 1775, the day they "fired the shot heard round the world,"[1] the start of the American Revolution, as a "Day of publick Fasting and Prayer, throughout this Colony, by all Christian Churches and Societies in it; . ."[2] He was the rebel governor who penned Connecticut's own "Declaration of Independence", June 18, 1776, and he was the rebel governor, a friend and supporter of the rebel general George Washington. A Governor whom the British would have hanged, as they would any signer of our nation's Declaration of Independence, as a traitor to their King. Lastly, we will take a look at the steps taken to protect the rebel governor, the "Sentry Box" in the Gov. Trumbull House, and the "secret tunnel," that legend states connected the house to the War Office.

Henry C. Robinson, LL.D., in his address to the advanced scholars of the public schools at Hartford, CT, in 1897, states, "Trumbull had become the special hate of the British. Halters were waiting for him and his sons. But no threats moved nor fear deflected him from the straight line of patriotic duty. There were thirteen colonial governors; only he was loyal to the cause. Thirteen governors entrusted with the interests of the colonists from Georgia to Maine! Where were the twelve? Tories all. But he had no fear to walk alone, supported by his love of country and his unbounded faith in God. It required more "sand" to be, and continue to be, that solitary rebel governor than to play left tackle in the Hartford Public High School eleven."[3] Benson J. Lossing, LL.D., goes on to say that, "Trumbull was the only Colonial governor who espoused the cause of the people in their struggle for justice and freedom."[4] And that, "Washington always placed implicit reliance upon his patriotism and energy for support."[5] It is no wonder, upon hearing of Governor Jonathan Trumbull's death, George Washington wrote in a letter to Col. Jonathan Trumbull, Jr., the governor's son, "A long and well spent life in the service of his country, justly entitled him to the first place among patriots."[6]

In Rev. Orlo D. Hine's historical address on "Historic Lebanon," he states, "In the earliest part of the controversy between Great Britain and the American Colonies, Gov. Trumbull had ever been conspicuous for his steadfast zeal and patriotism in the cause of American Liberty, and when the war broke out, this son of Lebanon, among all the Governors of the then thirteen Colonies, was the only one who stood staunch to the American cause."[7] And that, "The bold and firm position of Gov. Trumbull brought down upon him the especial wrath of the British government. He was denounced as "the Rebel Governor," and a price set upon his head."[8]

There is an interesting account in Col. John Trumbull's autobiography. A conversation between Sir Guy Carleton, the British commander, and General Waterbury, who commanded the ship, the Lady Washington,[9] and who was recently captured at the Battle of Valcour Island, October 11, 1776. This conversation took place aboard Carleton's ship, the Royal Charlotte, "General Waterbury, I am happy to take you by the hand, now that I see that you are not serving under a commission and orders of the rebel Congress, but of Governor Trumbull. You are acting under a legitimate and acknowledged authority. He is responsible for the abuse he has made of that authority. That which is a high crime in him, is but an error in you; it was your duty to obey him, your legitimate superior."[10] It is also worth noting that one of the American ships which took part in the Battle of Valcour Island was named, the Trumbull.

An early usage of the term "Rebel Governor" appears in several articles published in "The Political Magazine and Parliamentary, Naval, Military, and Literary Journal," published in London in 1780 and 1781. The second of the three articles, the "History of Jonathan Trumbull, the present Rebel Governor of Connecticut, from his Birth, early in this Century, to the present Day," would today be referred to as a, "hit piece," an article written specifically to discredit the character of Jonathan Trumbull. The article was written by a Connecticut Tory, the Rev. Samuel Peters (1735-1826) of Hebron, an Anglican minister. He personally knew Jonathan Trumbull, and he knew the people and local history of Eastern Connecticut, specifically Lebanon. Due to rising tensions and his Tory views, he left the colonies for England in late 1774. He wrote in 1781, from a Royalist perspective, "A General History of Connecticut, from its First Settlement under George Fenwick, Esq., to its Latest Period of Amity with Great Britain: . . .,"[11] which was published in London.

Keep in mind, these articles were written and published during the American Revolution.

The first is an article from November 1780 titled, "Examination and Commitment of JOHN TRUMBULL, Esq; for High Treason," where John Trumbull (Col. John Trumbull, the Artist of the American Revolution) is listed as the "son of the rebel Governor Trumbull, of the Province of Connecticut in America, . . ."[12] This article is in regard to the arrest of John Trumbull, who was accused of being an American spy, and who was imprisoned in England for "seven months."[13] You can read more about this episode in "The Autobiography of Colonel John Trumbull," Chapter Three, "The Rebel at London and His Enforced Return to America 1780-83."[14] In that autobiography there is a great line by Col. Trumbull, during an examination by three police magistrates, stating who he was, "I am an American -- my name is Trumbull; I am a son of him whom you call the rebel governor of Connecticut; I have served in the rebel American army; I have had the honor of being an aid-du-camp to him whom you call the rebel General Washington."[15] 

The second is an article from January 1781 titled, "History of Jonathan Trumbull, the present Rebel Governor of Connecticut, from his Birth, early in this Century, to the present Day."[16] As stated previously, this article does its best to defame Governor Trumbull, it questions everything from his legal parentage, his character, his person, and his actions. Peters' description of "Jonathan Trumbull, the rebel governor of Connecticut, a man of desperate fortune, with an abundant share of cunning, is about five feet, seven inches high, has dark eyes, a Roman nose, sallow countenance, long chin, prominent forehead, high and broad cheek bones, hollow cheeks and short neck. He is, in person, of handsome figure, and very active."[17]

The one saving grace of this article is, there is a lot of early Connecticut history here, "The spirit of independence appeared in this colony from its first settlement in 1636. Even then they formed two dominions, Hartford and New Haven, choosing Jesus their King, and the Bible their Code of Laws, . . ."[18] This is true, the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut were inspired by a sermon of the Rev. Thomas Hooker, preached at Hartford. The article goes on to say regarding Connecticut, ". . . they accepted a charter under Charles II. but declared at the same time, Jesus was their King, and themselves sole legislators and lords of Connecticut; admitting no law of England to be of any validity, until it had received the sanction of their General Assembly."[19] The motto, "No King but King Jesus," was popular in the colonies during the American Revolution.

This same spirit is evident in the writings and proclamations written by the rebel Gov. Jonathan Trumbull, who studied at Harvard to be a minister. "Immediately after he graduated, he commenced the study of theology with the Rev. Solomon Williams (1700-1776) of Lebanon."[20] (Solomon Williams was minister at Lebanon, and the father of William Williams (1731-1811), a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Gov. Jonathan Trumbull's daughter, Mary Trumbull (1745-1831) would marry William Williams.) "In due time, he was licensed to preach, and was soon after invited to settle in the ministry at Colchester."[21] The Rev. John Bulkeley (1679-1731) (my ancestral grandfather), first minister at Colchester, CT, was preparing to retire, and likely exercised his influence to obtain the Colchester Pulpit for Jonathan Trumbull. The Rev. John Bulkeley was the father-in-law of Jonathan Trumbull's older brother, Joseph Trumble, Jr., who married his daughter, Sarah Bulkeley (my ancestral grandparents). With the loss of his older brother, Joseph Trumble, Jr., who was lost at sea aboard the Trumbull's merchant vessel, the brigantine "Lebanon," bound for the West Indies on December 29, 1731. Jonathan Trumbull, "who at the urgent request of his father [Captain Joseph Trumble, Sr.], with great reluctance declined the call of the church at Colchester."[22] He would take his place in the Trumbull family business, and he would enter into Connecticut politics. Following the Revolution, "In October, 1783, Gov. Trumbull declined any further election to public office."[23] Jonathan Trumbull served in some form of public office from 1733 to 1784. In his address to the General Assembly, he stated, "I have had the pleasure to serve the State; contemplating, with pleasing wonder and satisfaction, at the close of an arduous contest, the noble and enlarged scenes which now present themselves to my country's view; and reflecting, at the same time, on my advanced stage of life -- a life worn out almost in the constant cares of office -- I think it my duty to retire from the busy concerns of public affairs; that at the evening of my days I may sweeten their decline by devoting myself with less avocation and more attention to the duties of religion, the service of my God, and preparation for a future and happier state of existence; in which pleasing employment I shall not cease to remember my country, and to make it my ardent prayer that Heaven will not fail to bless her with its choicest favors."[24]

In a letter to the rebel General George Washington, dated at Lebanon, Connecticut, July 13, 1775, the rebel Governor Jonathan Trumbull writes, "Suffer me to join in Congratulating you, on your appointment to be General and Commander in Chief of the Troops raised or to be raised for the Defense of American Liberty."[25] He goes on to write, "Now therefore be strong and very courageous, may the God of the Armies of Israel, shower down the blessings of His Divine Providence on You, give you Wisdom and Fortitude, cover your Head in the Day of Battle and Danger, add Success -- convince our Enemies of their mistaken measures -- and that all their attempts to deprive these Colonies of their inestimable constitutional Rights and Liberties are injurious and vain."[26]

The rebel General George Washington himself, shares this spirit in his General Order, dated Headquarters, Valley Forge, May 2, 1778, he "directs that divine Service be performed every Sunday at 11 oClock"[27] and that "while we are zealously performing the duties of good Citizens and soldiers we certainly ought not to be inattentive to the higher duties of Religion. To the distinguished Character of Patriot, it should be our highest Glory to add the more distinguished Character of Christian. The signal instances of providential Goodness which we have experienced and which have now almost crowned our labours with complete Success, demand from us in a peculiar manner the warmest returns of Gratitude and Piety to the Supreme Author of all Good."[28]

The third article is from August 1781 titled, "Trumbull, the Rebel Spy discharged."[29] Again referring to Col. John Trumbull, the Artist of the American Revolution. "John Trumbull, the youngest son of the present Rebel Governor of Connecticut, was discharged about a month ago, from Tothill-Fields Bridewell, after being confined there from the month of November last year."[30]

There are many stories and reports of attempts and threats to Gov. Jonathan Trumbull's life. This atmosphere showed the need to build "The Sentry Box" in the  Gov. Trumbull House. There is an interesting little pamphlet once distributed by The Connecticut Daughters of the American Revolution, published in October 1935, "On the upper floor is the room where the governor took refuge when a price was set on his head because he was the only rebel governor in the colonies, and of course did all he could to assist the cause of the Americans."[31] The pamphlet also mentions the "Sentry box" or "sentinel's box" in the house, "The room, at that time, was situated at the head of a flight of stairs (which have since been removed). A person standing at the top of these stairs could guard the approach from two directions as the house then stood. Here a sentinel was stationed for the purpose of guarding the governor while he rested. This little enclosure with its tiny windows overlooking the western hills is now called "The Sentinel's Box."[32] In an American Guide Series book on Connecticut, sponsored by Wilbur L. Cross, Governor of Connecticut, published in 1938, "At the head of the stairs is the small room which served as a secret office when the British Government put a price on the Governor's head. The only window is a small shuttered opening, 27 inches square, placed above the head level of a seated person as a precaution against stray bullets. Outside the office door is the Sentinel's Box, in which a guard was always stationed."[33]

The Governor had sentries or sentinels who were stationed at his house and War Office.  

"The Governor generally had a guard of about half a dozen men to protect his person, there being some danger at that period of being seized in the night season and carried off to the enemy. Some alarm was caused at one time by a traveler coming into the house in the garb of a beggar, and insisted upon seeing the governor, who at that time was unwell. Mrs. Hyde, his housekeeper, not liking his appearance and actions, seizing the shovel and tongs, drove him out of the house, called the guard, who came to her assistance, but the beggar was no where to be found."[34]

"Mrs. Anna Hyde and the Assassin. -- The story of the encounter between Mrs. Anna Hyde, the worthy housekeeper of Governor Trumbull, and a suspected assassin of the Governor is well supported by authentic tradition. One evening this good woman was greatly alarmed at the sudden entrance of an unknown man, in the guise of a mendicant, who stoutly persisted in seeing the Governor, then ill and in bed. She knew that to have gained entrance to the house the man must have eluded the sentinels on guard. She well knew, what all knew, that a price had been set upon the Governor's head by British authority; that he had often been threatened with assassination by malignant Tories and their emissaries; and he records in his own diary that once, while at Newton, a malignant there said "he would kill him as quick as he would a rattlesnake;" and believing that the purpose of the intruder was the assassination of the Governor, the brave lady at once, seizing the large kitchen shovel in one hand and the tongs in the other, made such a vigorous onslaught upon him that he fled for safety and escaped in the dark from capture."[35]

In the book, "Jonathan Trumbull, Governor of Connecticut 1769-1784," written by the Governor's great great grandson Jonathan Trumbull, he states that in 1781, "In order to be nearer to the scene of military operations, and to expedite the payment of the soldiers, Governor Trumbull in the following month of August set out for Danbury, thus carrying out a plan already suggested by Washington of holding the meetings of his Council near the scene of action, and encouraging the troops by his presence, and by the welcome payment of a portion, at least, of their much needed wages."[36] He goes on to say, "According to the meager entries in the Governor's diary at this time, we learn that his sojourn at Danbury partook of the nature of a military encampment. Guards were set at night, owing, no doubt, to threats of personal violence to the Governor, which he himself records in his diary in the following words: "At Newtown one said he would kill me as quick as he would a Rattle Snake.""[37] The Governor stayed in Danbury, "about a fortnight in the month of August,"[38], this is corroborated in the Records of the State of Connecticut, where the minutes of the meetings of the Council of Safety are recorded at Danbury from August 16, 1781 to August 23, 1781.[39]

There was always a remote chance of British and/or Tory activity in the area.

"Cornwallis at Yorktown, closely besieged in front by Lafayette, in the rear by Count de Grasse, with Washington but a few days' march distant, was already in the Continental grasp, his commander, Sir Henry Clinton, being left in New York by Washington's superior generalship, too far distant to render material assistance. In his dilemma Clinton determined on a feint, in the hope of recalling Washington from the south, and chose New London as the scene of his ruse de guerre. This town had sent out the most active and daring privateers that ever snatched a convoy from under the guns of a British frigate. Several rich prizes were then lying at its wharves, and its storehouses were filled with West India goods, provisions and military stores. Further, it would be a convenient base for certain predatory excursions into New England, which it is probable Clinton had long meditated, but, most important of all, it was within a day's march of Lebanon, the quiet country town where dwelt Governor Jonathan Trumbull -- Washington's "Brother Jonathan" -- and which contained the little store and counting-house, which had long been recognized as the real "war office" of the Continental Government, and the chief source of supplies for its army; and no doubt the hope of disturbing "Mr. Trumbull" in his operations, and of ravaging the rich agricultural region near him, from which he drew his supplies, was one of the motives of the expedition."[40]
And lastly, there is a legend of a secret tunnel which connected the Governor Jonathan Trumbull house and the War Office. This tunnel would have allowed Gov. Trumbull the freedom to move safely between the two buildings unnoticed. This secret tunnel may or may not have existed? If it existed, it would have been located at the original locations of the buildings at the corner of Town Street and the Colchester Road, before they were moved in 1824. There is a modern illustration of this "secret tunnel," depicting Gov. Trumbull walking from the Gov. Trumbull House to the War Office, published in the book, "Historic Lebanon,"[41] by Rev. Robert G. Armstrong, D.D. The problem with the illustration is it is based on the sketch by Barber, published in 1836,[42] depicting the Gov. Trumbull house and the War Office in their locations on West Town Street after their first move in 1824. The War Office would be moved a second time to its present location in 1844. Ground penetrating radar or similar technology could probably settle the question of the tunnel's existence once and for all, as well as provide the exact location and position of the War Office during the American Revolution.

In the Governor Jonathan Trumbull House there is, "A door found in the panelling of the work room now opening against a part of the chimney may have been a secret passage to this inside room, for the sides beyond the chimney are plastered. It has been intimated in some old accounts that a passage way extended from the house, underground to the war office or store, where the councils of safety held over 1,200 meetings."[43] This story of a secret passage, passed down through the years, generation to generation, may have been embellished, and become the basis for the legend of a secret tunnel?


1. Concord Hymn, by Ralph Waldo Emerson, sung at the completion of the Battle Monument, April 19, 1837, Poems of the English Race, selected and edited by Raymond MacDonald Alden, Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1921, Page 286. 
2. A Proclamation by the Honorable Jonathan Trumbull, Esquire, Governor of the English Colony of Connecticut, in New England, in America, Lebanon, Connecticut, March 22, 1775. 
3. Jonathan Trumbull, Address to the Advanced Scholars of the Public Schools at Hartford, December 3, 1897, Henry C. Robinson, LL.D., Press of the Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company, Hartford, Conn., 1898, Pages 15-16.
4. Harpers' Popular Cyclopedia of United States History, from the Aboriginal Period to 1876, . . ., Benson J. Lossing, LL.D., Vol. II, Harper & Brothers, Publishers, New York, 1882, Page 1421.
5. Ibid.
6. George Washington to Jonathan Trumbull, Jr., Mount Vernon, October 1, 1785, George Washington Papers, Series 2, Letterbooks 1754-1799, Library of Congress.
7. Early Lebanon. An Historical Address delivered in Lebanon, Conn., by request on the National Centennial, July 4, 1876, Rev. Orlo D. Hine, with an Appendix of Historical Notes, Nathaniel H. Morgan, Hartford, 1880, Pages 91-92.
8. Ibid.
9. Record of Service of Connecticut Men in the War of the Revolution, Adjutant General, Hartford, 1889, Page 594.
10. Autobiography, Reminiscences and Letters of John Trumbull, from 1756 to 1841, John Trumbull, B. L. Hamlen, New Haven, 1841, Page 35.
11. A General History of Connecticut, from its First Settlement under George Fenwick, Esq., to its Latest Period of Amity with Great Britain: . . ., By a Gentleman of the Province, London, 1781.
12. Examination and Commitment of John Trumbull, Esq; for High Treason, The Political Magazine and Parliamentary, Naval, Military, and Literary Journal, For the Year M,DCC,LXXX., Volume I, London, November 1780, Pages 738-740.
13. The Autobiography of Colonel John Trumbull, Patriot-Artist, 1756-1843, edited by Theodore Sizer, Kennedy Graphics, Inc., Da Capo Press, New York, 1970, Page 72.
14. Ibid. Pages 58-83.
15. Ibid. Page 66.
16. History of Jonathan Trumbull, the present Rebel Governor of Connecticut, from his Birth, early in this Century, to the present Day, The Political Magazine and Parliamentary, Naval, Military, and Literary Journal, For the Year M,DCC,LXXXI., Volume II, London, January 1781, Pages 6-10.
17. Ibid. Page 10.
18. Ibid. Page 8.
19. Ibid.
20. Brief Memoir of Governor Trumbull, The American Quarterly Register, conducted by B. B. Edwards and S. H. Riddel, Vol. XIV, No. 1, August, 1841, Published by the American Education Society, Press of T. R. Marvin, 24 Congress Street, Boston, 1842, Page 2.
21. Ibid. Page 2.
22. Ibid. Page 10.
23. Ibid. Page 12.
24. Ibid. Page 13.
25. To George Washington from Jonathan Trumbull, Sr., 13 July 1775, Founders Online, National Archives, founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/03-01-02-0062. [Original source: The Papers of George Washington, Revolutionary War Series, Vol. 1, 16 June 1775-15 September 1775, ed. Philander D. Chase. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1985, pp. 112-113.]
26. Ibid.
27. George Washington, May 2, 1778, General Orders, The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources, 1745-1799, John C. Fitzpatrick, Editor, The George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress, 1741-1799.
28. Ibid.
29. Trumbull, the Rebel Spy discharged, The Political Magazine and Parliamentary, Naval, Military, and Literary Journal, For the Year M,DCC,LXXXI., Volume II, London, January 1781, Page 481.
30. Ibid.
31. The Governor Jonathan Trumbull House, Reprinted with the permission of the Waterbury Republican, Distributed by The Daughters of the American Revolution of Connecticut, October 1935, page 4.
32. Ibid.
33. American Guide Series, Connecticut, A Guide to its Roads, Lore, and People, Written by Workers of the Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration for the State of Connecticut, Sponsored by Wilbur L. Cross, Governor of Connecticut, Houghton Mifflin Company, The Riverside Press Cambridge, Boston, 1938, Pages 414-415.
34. Connecticut Historical Collections containing a general collection of interesting facts, traditions, biographical sketches, anecdotes, &c. relating to the History and Antiquities of every Town in Connecticut, with geographical decriptions, John Warner Barber, 1836, Page 323.
35. History of New London County, Connecticut, with Biographical Sketches of many of its Pioneers and Prominent Men, Compiled under the supervision of D. Hamilton Hurd, Philadelphia, 1882, Page 489.
36. Jonathan Trumbull, Governor of Connecticut 1769-1784, by his Great-Great-Grandson, Jonathan Trumbull, Little, Brown, and Company, Boston, 1919, Page 278.
37. Ibid.
38. Ibid. Page 279.
39. The Public Records of the State of Connecticut, from May, 1780, to October, 1781, Inclusive, with the Journal of the Council of Safety from May 15, 1780 to December 27, 1781, Inclusive and an Appendix, compiled by Charles J. Hoadly, LL.D., Press of the Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company, Hartford, 1922, Pages 490-497.  
40. The Massacre at Fort Griswold, September 6th, 1781, The Magazine of American History with Notes and Queries, Volume VII, A.S. Barnes & Company, September 1881, No. 3, pages 161-162.
41. Historic Lebanon, Highlights of an Historic Town, Rev. Robert G. Armstrong, D.D., published by the First Congregational Church, Lebanon, Connecticut, 1950, Page 36 (illustration).
42. Connecticut Historical Collections containing a general collection of interesting facts, traditions, biographical sketches, anecdotes, &c. relating to the History and Antiquities of every Town in Connecticut, with geographical decriptions, John Warner Barber, 1836, Pages 322-323.
43. The Governor Jonathan Trumbull House, Reprinted with the permission of the Waterbury Republican, Distributed by The Daughters of the American Revolution of Connecticut, October 1935, Page 9.









Monday, May 22, 2017

Governor Jonathan Trumbull 302nd Birthday Commemoration, Lebanon, Connecticut.




CTDAR Governor Jonathan Trumbull 302nd Birthday

Gov. Jonathan Trumbull House/Wadsworth Stable
Lebanon, Connecticut

CTSSAR Gov. Jonathan Trumbull 302nd Birthday
Commemoration Ceremony 

War Office, Lebanon, Connecticut 

October 13, 2012 



Members of the Connecticut Line, Living History/Color Guard Unit of the Connecticut Society of the Sons of the American Revolution commemorate Gov. Trumbull's 302nd Birthday at the War Office in Lebanon, Connecticut.


Revolutionary War units stand at attention during the commemoration ceremonies.



"But how was it in Connecticut at that time? Jonathan Trumbull, of Lebanon, had been elected governor of Connecticut in 1769 by the free suffrages of the people, and was re-elected to the same office for fifteen years, to the close of the war; and there was no place in the charter given by Charles II, where the king of England could step in to stay those proceedings. Jonathan Trumbull was of the people and for the people, the right-hand counselor and helper of Washington through the whole revolutionary struggle."[1]



Event Photos 





1. The Memorial History of Hartford County, Connecticut, 1633-1884, Volume I, edited by J. Hammond Trumbull LL.D., Edward L. Osgood Publisher, Boston, 1886, page 59.  


The War Office is owned and maintained by the Connecticut Society of the Sons of the American Revolution.

The Governor Jonathan Trumbull House and Wadsworth Stable are owned and maintained by the Connecticut Daughters of the American Revolution.